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Wednesday, November 7, 2012


 14th centuryTOWER in Newport. RI.
Columbus claims America for Spain.
Which artifact is evidence that the Norse were in North America in the 14th century?
Which image has been seen more often in history books?
In America, the Catholics, who spoke Norse called themselves "Lenape."  In this article the name "Lenape" refers to North America people with DNA and language in common with the Norse in Europe. 
America's Norse Church" should is better named "America's Lenape Church."  But because "Lenape" = "Norse" in America, the name in the title of this article is also valid.  Hereafter, in this article, the name "Lenape" will be used.
The stone tower on the left is similar to nineteen stone towers used the 14th century churches in northern Europe.  In those countries a stone tower is accepted as evidence that the Norse were there.  
The origin of the stone tower in Newport, RI, is still being debated four centuries after the Puritans came to the area and four centuries after Samuel Argil sailed a fourteen cannon frigate, with men in heavy armor up the Atlantic coast to destroy churches.

The group of LENAPE led by White Beaver is one possible source of people who built the church.   

As far as is known, the image of the stone tower has never been published in any history textbook.  Kids do not know that thousands of Greenland LENAPE migrated to Norumbega via James Bay.
The picture of Columbus claiming discovery rights to America, on the right, is also an outstanding illustration of the Pristine Wilderness paradigm.  The Pristine Wilderness implies, “America was a pristine wilderness, which had only a few pagans.”  
The picture shows America as the Pristine Wilderness with pagan faces hidden in the lush vegetation.  The Europeans are praising God for giving them the marvelous possession.  With arrogant Eurocentric behavior they claimed the land as theirs because they were the first Europeans to land on the shore.
This illustration of Columbus' landing has been published many times to reinforce the European discovery of a Pristine Wilderness in history books. Students, who saw this picture in their history books, had the Pristine Wilderness reinforced in their minds.
The jingle, “In 1492, Columbus sailed the ocean blue” also reinforced the paradigm.  During the school years, other mentions of Columbus reinforced the paradigm.  By the time students graduated from high school, the Pristine Wilderness had become a paradigm.

Touch or click on PARADIGM vs HISTORY with EVIDENCE for more discussion.

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